Eat carbon faster… The solution is bacteria found in Korean beef feces – SBS News VRESP TODAY

These days, reducing carbon dioxide is important, and bacteria that eat carbon are attracting attention. Domestic researchers also discovered bacteria with an excellent ability to decompose carbon in the feces of Korean cattle.

Jang Se-man is a climate and environment reporter.

Carbon dioxide is injected while rapidly rotating a liquid containing 500 billion bacteria.

The fermentation process in which bacteria consume carbon dioxide begins immediately, and 200 million bacteria weighing 1 gram consume 20 grams of carbon per day.

(Byung-Kwan Cho/Professor, Department of Life Sciences, KAIST: Acetogen microorganisms eat carbon dioxide and produce various useful chemicals that we want.)

Carbon-eating bacteria technology has already begun to be commercialized in the United States and Europe.

Last year, a Belgian steel company built a facility that ferments carbon generated from the steelmaking process with bacteria.

This process also produces a new raw material, ethanol.

Starting next year, European airlines will be required to use more than 2% of SAF, an eco-friendly, low-carbon aviation fuel, and ethanol produced by bacteria can be used as a raw material for SAF.

(Jin Sang-rak/Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University: (Existing SAF using sugar cane) has limitations in converting food into energy and has the problem of generating carbon dioxide during the conversion process, but (CO2 conversion technology through bacteria) will probably overcome these problems. I think you can do it.)

Technology development is also in full swing domestically.

In particular, we are focusing on increasing the rate and amount of carbon decomposition.

It was confirmed that the bacteria discovered in the feces of Korean cattle by a domestic research team had twice the carbon decomposition ability and a faster growth rate than commercialized foreign strains.

Researchers are also focusing on research to develop alternative materials for plastics in addition to ethanol by modifying the genes of carbon-eating bacteria.

(Video Editing: Jung Yong-hwa, VJ: Kim Hyeong-jin)

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